Development and Preliminary Validation of the Teamwork Expectations and Attitudes Measure (TEAM)

  • Brittney Stobbe Kwantlen Polytechnic University
  • Jonathan Lau Kwantlen Polytechnic University
  • Brandon Justus Kwantlen Polytechnic University
  • Shayna Minosky Kwantlen Polytechnic University
Keywords: teamwork, scale development, TEAM, validation, undergraduate students


Teamwork is essential for success in any group project and understanding how well a team functions can assist both students and teachers with learning. This paper outlines the development and preliminary validation of a new self-report measure of students’ perceptions of working in a team, the Teamwork Expectations and Attitudes Measure (TEAM).  Two pilot studies, sampling a total of 438 undergraduate students, were conducted to develop and refine the initial items into a 14-item unidimensional measure. A validation study was then conducted with a sample of 226 undergraduate students. A confirmatory factor analysis supported the revealed unidimensional structure with high internal consistency. Correlations between the TEAM and other theoretically relevant variables provide evidence of convergent, discriminant, and criterion validity. Our results suggest that the TEAM has acceptable psychometric properties and may be useful to students, educators, and researchers as a tool for assessing team functioning.

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